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The first forms of this style connection were chrome plated brass. They can still be bought in chrome for decorative purposes, but now the cheap and reliable pvc versions are most common. A slip joint fitting gets assembled in this manner picture to the leftputting the nut, then washer on the pipe first.

The taper of the washer should face the fitting skinny side put into the fitting.

slip joint nut with reducing washer

Then, when the nut gets screwed onto the fitting, the washer gets compressed to form the seal. There are a variety of fittings and pieces available, but only a few standard kits.

There are kits for double bowl kitchen sinks, center outlet the top picture, the bowls meet in the center and also an end outlet both bowls connect below one bowl.

All fixtures with slip joints should also be using what is called a trap. The kits above are standard complete professional kits. Your local hardware store kits may contain more or less pieces. You'll notice in the pictures above, one washer that is different than the rest.

How to Use a Slip Nut When Doing Plumbing

It appears thicker. This is because there are two different sizes of slip joint traps. This is the reason for the extra washer.

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Slip joint fittings are normally very reliable. They can, however, be subject to coming apart if hit with objects normally kept under a sink. Depending on the piping, some pieces of pipe could be short or being held together with the slip joint. In circumstances like this, some joints can tend to come apart. In these cases, the piping needs to be altered to prevent this.

Slip joints are only designed to seal against water, not support weight. Things that every homeowner should know. Free Online Plumber does not warrant any of the information on this page, in regards to the accuracy or effectiveness of these procedures or this information. Always check and follow all applicable local plumbing codes.Slip nuts, made in the modern era out of white polyvinyl chloride or black acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, allow a flexible yet watertight connection between drain pipes and their traps.

You may also encounter chrome slip nuts on older traps. Tightening them correctly is part art, part science. Open the cabinet door to gain access to the area under the sink you are plumbing. Push up a slip nut matching the material of the trap -- PVC, ABS or chrome -- on the tailpiece of the drain descending from a kitchen or bathroom sink. If you are first removing an existing trap, place a small pail under the trap to catch dirty water. Hold the slip nut in place and push a nylon washer up the tailpiece about two inches.

slip joint nut with reducing washer

Let go of the slip nut, which will rest on the snugly fitting washer. Similarly push a slip nut and washer on the wall bend leading from the rough-in stub protruding the wall behind the sink. Skip the washer if the J-bend features a self-seating gasket, which looks like a built-in washer. Note: the J-bend and wall bend together to form what is called a P-trap. Push the washer down the tailpiece until it seats in the flared top of the J-bend.

Hand-tighten the slip nut, which features prominent ridges that provide a good purchase, until it becomes snug, then turn a final quarter-turn by hand.

This world adventurer and travel book author, who graduates summa cum laude in journalism from the University of Maryland, specializes in travel and food -- as well as sports and fitness. She's also a property manager and writes on DIY projects.

Skip to main content. Tips You can similarly install slip nuts at the top of the sink drain tailpiece, where it meets a kitchen basket strainer, in designs involving a slip nut, or as part of a tub drain. Gently tighten the slip nut with channel-lock pliers if it leaks after hand tightening. If you have difficulty installing the J-bend, check to see if you have inadvertently connected the outlet, rather than the inlet, to the drain tailpipe.

Warnings Avoid bumping a slip joint -- the joint created by a slip nut -- out of alignment, which may create leaks. Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses if there is a chance of caustic drain cleaners in the trap during a replacement of the J-bend.

Accessed 12 April Parrish, Rogue. Home Guides SF Gate. Note: Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.Log in or Sign up. Joined: Jan 21, Location: Central Ohio. Which direction should a poly slip-joint washer be installed: pointing up toward the tailpiece or pointing down in the direction of water flow?

Last edited: Jun 3, BSJun 3, Joined: Nov 12, Location: Ohio. In the direction of water flow. The threaded nut screws on and drives the slip nut tight between the pipe and fitting making a water tight seal. CassJun 3, Joined: Jun 12, This is true for any conical washer, sleeve, seal or ferrule: The flat end always faces the nut.

VerdeboyJun 3, The flat side goes against the slip nut so it can push the beveled side into the joint between the pipe and the fitting. Thanks, everyone. That's what I thought. The slip-joint I bought that morning had the slip washer upside down and I just wanted to be sure before installing it. BSJun 4, You must log in or sign up to reply here.

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There are two washers common to PVC plumbing. A flanged washer often sits where the PVC pipe connects to the sink drain basin of a kitchen sink and the tapered slip washer that seals the connections between the down tube coming from the sink and the connections of the P-trap. The tapered washer is the more common of the two as it is used on all sinks using a removable P-trap.

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If you install the slip washer improperly, the joint will not seal allowing water to leak from the connections. Place the flanged washer onto the top of the flanged down tube, with the down turned edge resting inside of the PVC pipe. Slide the slip nut onto the down tube, with the threaded inner section of the nut facing the bottom of the sink cabinet. Place the slip washer at the base of the down tube, ensuring that the thicker end of the slip washer facing toward the pipe.

Turn on the water and check each slip connection for signs of water leaks.

How to replace a sink tailpiece

If you find a leak, undo the connection that leaks and ensure that the slip washer is installed properly, with the taper of the washer facing toward the connection. Pin Share Tweet Share Email.

slip joint nut with reducing washer

Things You'll Need Clean rags Drain assembly kit. Step 1. Wipe the PVC pipe with a clean rag to remove light dirt from the pipe's surface.

Step 2. Step 3. Secure the down tube to the base of the sink per the drain kit installation instructions. Step 4. Step 5. Hold the slip washer in your hand, with the tapered side of the slip washer facing down. Step 6.

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Step 7. Push the slip washer onto the PVC pipe and slide it one-inch up from the pipe's bottom edge. Step 8. Repeat the procedure to install the slip washers at each PVC connection. Step 9. Connect the PVC pipe as described in the assembly instructions. Step Show Comments.Slip nuts, made in the modern era out of white polyvinyl chloride or black acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, allow a flexible yet watertight connection between drain pipes and their traps.

You may also encounter chrome slip nuts on older traps. Tightening them correctly is part art, part science. Open the cabinet door to gain access to the area under the sink you are plumbing. Push up a slip nut matching the material of the trap -- PVC, ABS or chrome -- on the tailpiece of the drain descending from a kitchen or bathroom sink. If you are first removing an existing trap, place a small pail under the trap to catch dirty water. Hold the slip nut in place and push a nylon washer up the tailpiece about two inches.

Let go of the slip nut, which will rest on the snugly fitting washer. Similarly push a slip nut and washer on the wall bend leading from the rough-in stub protruding the wall behind the sink.

Technical Details

Skip the washer if the J-bend features a self-seating gasket, which looks like a built-in washer. Note: the J-bend and wall bend together to form what is called a P-trap.

Push the washer down the tailpiece until it seats in the flared top of the J-bend. Hand-tighten the slip nut, which features prominent ridges that provide a good purchase, until it becomes snug, then turn a final quarter-turn by hand.

slip joint nut with reducing washer

This world adventurer and travel book author, who graduates summa cum laude in journalism from the University of Maryland, specializes in travel and food -- as well as sports and fitness.

She's also a property manager and writes on DIY projects. Skip to main content. Tips You can similarly install slip nuts at the top of the sink drain tailpiece, where it meets a kitchen basket strainer, in designs involving a slip nut, or as part of a tub drain. Gently tighten the slip nut with channel-lock pliers if it leaks after hand tightening.

If you have difficulty installing the J-bend, check to see if you have inadvertently connected the outlet, rather than the inlet, to the drain tailpipe. Warnings Avoid bumping a slip joint -- the joint created by a slip nut -- out of alignment, which may create leaks. Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses if there is a chance of caustic drain cleaners in the trap during a replacement of the J-bend.

Accessed 09 April Parrish, Rogue.

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Home Guides SF Gate. Note: Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.A slip joint is a simple but efficient way to seal against leaks. If you look under your kitchen or bathroom sink, you'll probably see one with a plastic or metal slip nut.

Beneath that metal slip nut is a rubber or PVC washer. The washer is compressed as the slip nut is tightened, forming a seal against leaks. Slip joints are usually used as part of a P-trap, which is why they are often found under kitchen and bathroom sinks. If you have a double bowl sink, the drains are most likely connected with slip joint fittings. The slip nuts can be either plastic or metal, both with advantages and disadvantages.

The threads on plastic slip nuts can sometimes become stripped, while metal slip nuts can corrode and split over time. Rubber and plastic slip joint washers are usually tapered at one end. This allows the washer to slip into the joint better, providing a better seal.

Slip joint washers are also known as P-trap washers because slip joints are often used with P-traps. Both plastic and rubber P-trap washers can be used with different pipe material, such as PVC and brass. Access the area under the sink where you will be installing the slip joint. Cut the pipe to the right length and remove any burrs from the end of the pipe with a clean cloth rag.

Slide the slip nut onto the pipe with the threads facing the recently prepared end of pipe. If you are using a tailpiece for a sink basket strainer, you will need to slide another slip nut on first, with the threads facing the self-seating end of the tailpiece.

Slide the slip joint washer onto the pipe with the thicker edge of the washer facing the slip nut. The slip joint washer will fit snugly against the pipe. Slide the washer about 2 inches from the edge of the pipe to allow the pipe room to slide into the threaded fitting. Slip the pipe into the threaded fitting until it slips into the flared fitting. If the fitting is not flared, push the pipe in until the slip joint washer is in the threaded fitting.

Press the washer down until the tapered end fits straight and snug against the threaded fitting. Slide the slip joint nut over the washer and hand tighten onto the threads until it is snug.

Tighten any other slip joints. Turn on the water and check for leaks. If there is a leak, gently tighten the nut a quarter turn, or until the leak stops, with your channel lock pliers. If the leak continues, loosen the nut and make sure the slip joint washer was not installed backwards, with the tapered end against the slip nut.

Then, re-tighten onto the threads, being careful not to over-tighten. Gary Sprague is a retired master plumber who now works as a writer.

He lives with his family in Maine. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Things You'll Need Channel lock pliers Clean cloth rag.